The Barlow / Goff Connection

The Goff (Gawf) Family of Henderson, Tennessee

In genetic DNA testing, samples provided by James Edward Goff and Larry Joe Barlar were exact matches at the 37-marker level, proving that both men are somehow related.  They further learned that they both are actually descendants of the Isle of Wight, Virginia BARLOW lineage.

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The Barlow / Goff (Gawf) Connection

Compiled by Phil Goff - December 05, 2005


Edmund Gawf, Henry Goff and Lewis Goff all claimed NC as their birthplace, with Lewis also naming SC as his place of nativity. No Barlow has been identified in SC census records before 1810.

The Barlow family, with which the Goff/Gawf family has a Y-chromosome match, is closely associated with NC. As such, North Carolina is the logical place to look for the Barlow orphan who was taken in by the Goff family.

The 1790, 1800 and 1810 NC censuses were searched for every Goff and Barlow and variants. Only Montgomery and Wake Counties counted both the Goff and Barlow surnames among their populations during this 20-year period. Of these, only Wake had a Goff and Barlow in the county at the same time:

1790

 

 

County

State

White Males 16>

White Males

<16

Females

Slaves

Other

Total

Thos.

Barlow 37

Wake

NC

1

2

2

1

 

6

Wm.

Barlow 38

Wake

NC

1

4

3

 

 

8

Starling

Gawf 39

Wake

NC

1

2

5

 

 

8


William Barlow and Thomas Barlow were six households away from each other on the census enumerator’s schedule.

Thomas Barlow of Wake Co., North Carolina was born ca. 1761 in Isle of Wight, Virginia. Y-chromosome DNA testing has shown that Edmund Gawf, Henry Goff and Lewis Goff are closely related to the Isle of Wight, Virginia Barlow family. 

Thomas Barlow served in the Third Virginia [Edmond’s] Artillery Regiment during the Revolutionary War, receiving his discharge on 23 August 1780.

Thomas Barlow married Elizabeth and they lived in Brunswick Co., Virginia until about 1786.40  In 1787, Thomas Barlow purchased land in Wake Co., North Carolina.. In September 1794, Thomas Barlow bought more land in Wake County. 41

Beginning in 1797, Thomas Barlow started purchasing land in Edgefield Co., South Carolina. 42  The final ties to Wake Co. were cuts when in May 1800 Thomas Barlow sold Wake Co., North Carolina land to Christopher Spier and William Smith.43  Elizabeth died ca. 1800 and Thomas married 2) Mary. Thomas Barlow died ca. 1813 in Laurens Co., Georgia.44


37Thos. Barlow household, 1790 Wake Co., NC census, p. 253
38Wm. Barlow household, 1790 Wake Co., NC census, p. 253
39Starling Gawf household, 1790 Wake Co., NC census, p. 273
40Thomas Barlow, Elizabeth Roscoe, and Mary, Barlow Genealogy, online 'Thomas Barlow, Isle of Wight Virginia', 04 December 2005
41Wake County Court minutes Books 4 & 5 1797 to 1803
42Thomas Barlow, Elizabeth Roscoe, and Mary, Barlow Genealogy, online 'Thomas Barlow, Isle of Wight Virginia', 04 December 2005
43Wake County Court minutes Books 4 & 5 1797 to 1803
44Thomas Barlow, Elizabeth Roscoe, and Mary, Barlow Genealogy, online 'Thomas Barlow, Isle of Wight Virginia', 04 December

While Thomas Barlow can safely be eliminated as the father of the Barlow orphan(s) the William Barlow and the Sterling Gawf families require further examination between 1790 and 1800. 
 
In September 1794, Thomas Barlow bought land in Wake County. 
 
In 1799, William Barlow was dead. 
 
In May 1800, Thomas Barlow sold land to Christopher Spier and William Smith.
45 
 
On 2 May 1800, Sterling Goff was listed among the debtors of the firm of Britian and Ellick Sanders, from the inventory of Britian Sanders.
46
 
By the 1800 census, the Barlow family was gone from Wake Co., NC: